What is Urology?
Urologists are surgeons specializing in medical and surgical treatment of diseases affecting the kidneys, urinary tract including ureters, bladder and urethra. Urologists treat men, women and children. There are roughly 10,000 urologists in the USA.
There is a common misconception that urologists treat only males. This is not true. Urologists treat men and women.
- 60% of patients are male (BPH, kidney stones, renal/bladder/prostate cancers, urinary incontinence, UTI, ED (erectile dysfunction), infertility.
- 40% of patients are female (kidney stones, renal/adrenal/bladder cancer, urinary incontinence, UTIs, OAB (Overactive bladder), blood in urine, renal cysts, kidney masses)
What do Urologists Treat?
- Urinary tract obstruction
- BPH / Urinary Retention
- Ureteral obstruction (Stones, cancer-rectal/ovarian/colorectal, etc)
- Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones)
- Medical Management + Prevention
- Surgical management
- Oncology / Cancer Medicine
- Adrenal masses / tumors / cancers (incidental and symptomatic)
- Renal masses, renal cysts
- Bladder cancer / Urothelial cancers (kidney -> urethra)
- Prostate Cancer
- Sexual Disorders
- Erectile dysfunction “ED” / Impotence / Poor erections. “not hard enough”
- Premature ejaculation / “coming too fast”
- Hypogonadism (low testosterone)
- Priapism (sometimes Sickle cell association)
- Always a “couple” problem. Not a male problem. Not a female problem 20% male factor alone
- 30% female factor alone
- 50% male + female contribution to the problem
- Endocrine disorders
- Adrenal – pituitary axis: Cushings syndrome, hyperaldosteronoma, Pheochromocytoma, etc
- ED – hypogonadism
- Pediatric Urology
- Undescended testis
- Pediatric Oncology (Wilms, renal cancers, testicular cancers, etc)